The protection of personal data [Quick Guide]
the holiday season approach. We’ve all seen it, the rush of the last days in department stores to complete my last gifts, stock-outs, the endless queues at the checkout… Since the arrival of Internet in french homes, there are many who prefer to shop online to avoid the hustle and bustle of the end of the year. If it seems much simpler to order online, this raises another question, much more complex, the protection of personal data. The revelations of Edward Snowden or the past of weapons which opposed the National Informatics and freedoms (CNIL) Commission to Facebook recently shows that the question of online safety scares and is often unknown to the general public.
What does the French law?
The sensitive issue of data protection is defined in the law “computing and freedom” . “The French law is designed to protect the sensitive data of users but also administrators of Web sites against any violation” as points 1 & 1 on my blog of the Digital Guide. The National Commission of computing and freedoms, independent French administrative authority, is the guarantor of this protection as reminds its statutes: “ the CNIL is responsible to ensure that information technology is at the service of the citizen and not is infringing or human identity, human rights, privacy, or individual or public freedoms .
Websites dealing with personal data must ensure that only services authorized to have access to these data. They must ensure the protection of its data and their non disclosure. In addition the information collected must be “adequate, relevant and not excessive”. Users must be kept informed, in advance, of the purpose of the processing of these data.
Rights of users
each person may apply to the Manager of an Internet site the status of the use of my personal data: data types, purpose of the processing, recipients… This is what is called the “right of access”.
Article 40 of the law “computing and freedom” gives him access to what is called the “right of correction”. The article described thus: “ any person may require the Manager of a treatment be rectified, completed, updated, locked or erased the data which are inaccurate, incomplete, equivocal, expired, or whose collection, use, disclosure or retention is prohibited »
Finally article 38 allows him “ anyone to oppose, for legitimate reasons, that some personal data concerning investigated treatment . Anyone can refuse, without having to justify that their personal data are used for commercial purposes.
You now know your rights and you know the French law protects you. Do not hesitate, do your shopping online and you avoid the stress of department stores. Happy holiday season! Stay tuned we’ll have a few surprises for Christmas!